“If you must speak ill of another, do not speak it, write it in the sand near the water’s edge.” Napoleon Hill
Sand is a granular material composed of small rock and mineral particles. In the Caribbean many beaches are made of sand that also contains bits of coral and shellfish.
There is actual a minimum size for sand which is 0.074 mm, a standard set by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials in 1953, but the United States Department of Agriculture set this at 0.05 mm in 1938.
Deserts, like the Sahara, are widely known for their enormous amounts of sand, but in reality only 20% of desert in the world consists of sand. In deserts that do contain a lot of sand, sand dunes can be found.
Sand dunes are accumulations of sand piled up in mounds or ridges, blown in this shape by the wind. Some different shapes of sand dunes are crescentic, linear, star, domes and parabolic. Sand dunes can be massive, with the tallest one in the world being Duna Feredico Kirbus in Argentina, being 4,035 feet tall (1,230 meters). Other big dunes are Cerro Blanco in the Nazca Valley in Peru (3,860 feet/1,176 meters), Cerro Medanoso in Chile (1,805 feet/550 meters), Badain Jaran in China (1,640 feet/500 meters), Rig-e Yalan Dune in Iran (1,542 feet/470 meters), Isaouane-n-Tifernine Sand Sea in Algeria (1,526 feet/465 meters), Big Daddy and Dune 7 un Namibia (1,066 feet/325 meters and 1,256 feet/383 meters) and Mount Tempest in Australia (920 feet/280 meters).
Other places with sand are of course beaches. Although most of us think (and dream) of white beaches, there are some pretty colorful ones in the world. Papakōlea Beach, or Green Beach in Hawaï gets its color from olivine crystals. Red Sand Beach, or Kaihalulu in Maui, Hawaï, is red because of the iron in the ground. In the Bahamas there are pink beaches (Harbour Island) due to red corals in the waters. Medewi beach and some other beaches in Bali, Indonesia, are black because of volcanic rocks.
1. the very tiny, loose pieces of rock that cover beaches, deserts, etc.
2. an area of sand (source: Merriam Webster).
The English sand and Dutch zand come from Proto-Germanic *samda, from Proto-Indo-European *bhs-amadho-, suffixed form of root *bhes-, to rub, or from Proto-Indo-European *sámh dʰos, from *sem-, to pour.
Spanish arena finds its origins in Latin harena, meaning sand/arena.
Italian sabbia derives from Latin sabulum, meaning sand.
Sand in other languages:
Spanish: el arena (f)
Italian: la sabbia