Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفط, Feast of Breaking the Fast) or Sugar Feast, Sweet Festival, Bayram, is a religious Islamic holiday marking the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting (sawm). The Eid is one day when Muslims are not allowed to fast, but the festival can last up to four days. The first Eid was celebrated in 624 CE by the Prophet Muhammad together with his friends and family after the victory of the battle of Jang-e-Badar.
Eid al-Fitr is celebrated on the first day of Shaw’waal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. During Eid al-Fitr Muslims are celebrating the end of Ramadan and thanking Allah for the help and strength that he gave them during that month to help them practise self-control. It is also a day of forgiving.
The festival starts when the first sight of the new moon is seen, so the exact day differs by locality. Most Muslims however celebrate it the same day as Saudi Arabia.
Eid al-Fitr has a specific prayer (salaat) that consists of two rakats (units) and an additional six takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying “Allahu Akbar”, God is Great). Before the prayer, money is paid to the poor and the needy as an act of charity.
The practices differ per country, but they all involve coming together and eating (sweet stuff). In Saudi Arabia for example, people decorate their homes and prepare big meals for friends and family. Many families gather at the patriarchal home where they enjoy the meal and give gifts to the children.
In Sudan, ka’ak (sugar powdered cookies), bettifour, (dry baked cookies like baked meringues, and macaroons), and popcorn are prepared to serve to guests and to give to family and friends.
an annual Muslim festival marking the end of Ramadan, involving the exchange of gifts and a festive meal (source: wordreference.com).